ww  Majesty Have Two Birthdays

Why Does Her Majesty Have Two Birthdays?

Queen Elizabeth II is an incredibly busy woman, but she also knows how to enjoy a good party. So it shouldn't come as a surprise to find out that the Queen has not one, but two birthdays. So as the monarch turns 92, we have developed curiosities around her birthday celebration.   Why does Queen Elizabeth II have two birthdays? The tradition of celebrating two birthdays started in 1748. King George II was born in November, but decided he wanted to have good weather on his birthday, which is totally relatable. So to solve the problem, the King decided to start celebrating his birthday every summer, by throwing an annual military parade, as well as honoring his actual birthday in November. Since then, the second Saturday of June has become the usual date of the British monarch’s official birthday. So, Queen Elizabeth II, although born in April 21, 1926, will celebrate her “second” birthday tomorrow, the 9th June with an event that is one of the most elaborate and opulent ceremonies of the royal calendar. A large-scale display of pageantry, pomp and circumstance, Trooping the Color takes place every year in June and sees the Queen’s personal troops, the Household Division, marching at Horse Guards Parade in central London, with the Queen attending and taking the salute.   What is the significance of Trooping the Color? In the past, flags, or colors, were used as a method of identification for different regiments of the British Army during conflicts, as they made it easy for soldiers to recognize their units even in the chaos of a battlefield. Of course, the soldiers would have to learn which colors belonged to their regiment, so they were regularly marched and displayed, or trooped by a young officer. This has morphed over time into the annual trooping the Color ceremony, which while serving no discernable purpose in modern warfare, has become associated with the monarch’s official birthday. This is one of the oldest continuously observed royal celebrations, and is believed to have been performed first during the reign of King Charles II (1660-1685). Furthermore, the Household Division are amongst the oldest regiments of the British Army and have served as the personal bodyguards of the monarch since the Crown was restored after the English Civil War in 1660.   What happens at Trooping the Color? In its current form, the event is packed with strictly choreographed procedures and rituals. The Queen first travels down The Mall from Buckingham Palace by carriage, with a Sovereign’s Escort from the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment. As the clock on Horse Guards chimes eleven, Her Majesty The Queen arrives to take the Royal Salute from the officers and men of the Household Division on parade. After the salute, the Queen rides up and down the ranks, in her carriage, inspecting the troops on parade. After the massed bands have performed a musical troop, the Regimental Color, being trooped, is escorted up and down the ranks of Guards. The Foot Guards and the Household Cavalry then march past the Queen, while the King’s Troop, Royal Horse Artillery, rank past with their guns, after which the Queen rides in her carriage back to Buckingham Palace before taking the salute there.   How the other royal family members participate? Members of the Royal Family will then join the Queen on the balcony of Buckingham Palace to watch what many consider the highlight of the ceremony - a dramatic fly-past by the Royal Air Force’s Red Arrows at 1pm. Following the fly-past, a 41-gun salute will be conducted in Green Park, just next door to Buckingham Palace. The Queen has taken the salute at every parade since her accession to the throne 62 years ago, except in 1955 when it was called off due to a national rail strike.   How can I watch the ceremony? Tickets, priced at £35, usually go on sale early in the year via a ballot system and sell out quickly, and 2018 is no different. This year’s online ballot closed on 1 March, and all the tickets have been snapped up. However, those determined to see the ceremony can head down to The Mall, where you may be able to catch a glimpse of members of the Royal Family as they go past. Alternatively, camp out at the edge of St James’s Park to see the troops on Horse Guards Parade. The Culture Trip recommends arriving at either of those two locations by 9am at the latest in order to claim a spot. If you can’t wrangle a decent viewpoint for the ceremony, the Red Arrows fly-past is visible from across most of central London, so be sure to look up if you’re in the area. And if you are not able to go in person, the BBC will be broadcasting the event in full.

ww Abortion Referendum in Ireland

Abortion Referendum in Ireland

October 2012, Savita Halappanavar an Indian-Irish dentist was admitted to University Hospital in Galway due to some pregnancy complications, and had a miscarriage.  The life of 31 year old doctor was at risk due to infection while her family pleaded for a termination of pregnancy. But the hospital staff refused to do so saying that there was still foetal heartbeat and Irish law of nation prohibits abortion in almost all cases. The lady died at a very young age, but her death became a catalyst for groundbreaking social change in Ireland. On Friday 25th May 2018, people in the Republic of Ireland voted to remove the Eighth Amendment of the Irish Constitution that effectively banned abortion in the Republic of Ireland. Here are the facts of abortion referendum.   The Eighth Amendment The Eighth Amendment was inserted into the Constitution after a referendum in 1983. The amendment guarantees to protect as far as practicable the equal right to life of the unborn and the mother. It prohibits abortion in almost all cases. It states: “The State acknowledges the right to life of the unborn and, with due regard to the equal right to life of the mother, guarantees in its laws to respect, and, as far as practicable, by its laws to defend and vindicate that right.”   The 13th and 14th amendments The 13th and 14th amendments were introduced in 1992. The 13th specified that the prohibition on abortion would not limit freedom of travel in and out of the State. The 14th stated that the prohibition would not limit the right to distribute information about abortion services overseas.   The Citizens’ Assembly The Citizens’ Assembly is a body established by former Taoiseach Enda Kenny to examine a range of issues including the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution. After months of hearings, it recommended abortions should be provided in a range of circumstances including when a mother’s physical or mental health is at risk, and in the cases of rape and fatal foetal abnormalities. It also proposed abortion could be provided when a foetal abnormality is identified, or on socio-economic grounds. Forty-eight percent said there should be no restriction on abortion up to 12 weeks gestation,  44 per cent favored no restriction up to 22 weeks.   The Oireachtas Committee The 21-strong Oireachtas committee on the Eighth Amendment was tasked with examining the recommendations of the Citizens’ Assembly. It voted by 14 to 6 in favor of repeal. It accepted the majority of the Citizens’ Assembly recommendations, but voted against allowing terminations when a non-fatal foetal abnormality is identified, or for socio-economic reasons. It proposed allowing terminations without restriction up to 12 weeks of the pregnancy and when a mother’s life, health or mental health is at risk. The committee stated compassion should be shown in the cases of fatal foetal abnormalities and recommended abortions be decriminalized.   The X Case The X Case was the case of a girl who was raped by a man known to her. She sought a termination in the UK but the then Attorney General sought an injunction preventing her from travelling. She appealed the decision and the Supreme Court found in her favour.It called on the Government to legislate to allow for terminations when a mother’s life was at risk,including a risk to her life from the possibility of suicide.   The Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act The Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act legislated for the outcome of the X case. It allowed for abortions when a mother’s life is at risk, including by suicide. In a case of a real and substantial risk to a woman’s life arising from a physical health condition, an obstetrician/gynecologist and a second relevant specialist must jointly agree and certify that the termination of pregnancy is the only treatment that will save the mother’s life.   Vote on Referendum On 25th may2018, Ireland has voted for amendment of constitution, a total of 3.2 million electorate has taken part with a 66.4% yes and 33.6% no to repeal the eighth amendment of its constitution which since 1983 has effectively prohibited abortion in all bar exceptional circumstances.   The New Legislation The proposed legislation will allow abortions during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, and up to the 24th week in exceptional circumstances. According to the Irish Prime Minister the new law will be in place by end of 2018.

Unobserved Things from the Royal Wedding- Part Two

As you have already witnessed many unusual things from the Royal Wedding in the previous article, we bring some more for you. Check these out:   11. Meghan’s Blue jewel was from Diana Everyone has noticed a sparkling jewel in the right-hand ring finger of Meghan Markle. This wasn’t her wedding ring, but a tribute which she was paying to Princess Diana.  This emerald-cut aqua blue super-gem was worn by Princess Diana on several occasions.   12. The footman at the wedding Most of you have not recognized, but out of the two footmen, there was actually one footwoman. This is clearly been shown in the below-mentioned picture.   13. Harry’s exes attended the royal wedding The royal wedding was attended by both exes of Prince Harry. Chelsy Davy (center) and Cressida Bonas were the part of the wedding. 14. The Yellow pale dress of Kate Middleton No Doubt, Kate Middleton was looking splendid in the ivory ensemble. But this dress she has not worn for the first time. She wore this dress in 2015 at the time of Princess Charlotte’s Christening. The collared neckline in this dress was giving it a classy look. The minimal makeup look with blushy cheeks was making her the center of attraction. 15. Harry and Meghan snuck the second kiss in the carriage! This was a loving moment captured when both the bride and groom shared a romantic kiss in the carriage.   16. Pageboy outfit resembles groom Prince Harry and Prince William were captured wearing the similar outfits. They were wearing the frockcoat uniform of the Blues and Royals. Even the dress worn by Prince George was much similar to both of them. Tailor Dege & Skinner have cut and made these outfits in Savile Row. 17. The sweetest words of harry for Meghan Meghan got a compliment from Harry "You look amazing. I'm so lucky." These are the sweetest words which every bride wants to listen from their groom. 18. Their vows left a word out — on purpose! The word “obey” was not used by Meghan during her vows. Princess Diana and Duchess have also done the same at the time of their wedding. Both Harry and Meghan said "husband and wife," while taking wedding vows.   19. Oprah chatting with Idris Elba The power couple was found interacting with each other. 20. The difficulty Harry faced with Veil Harry found it difficult to remove the veil from Meghan’s face. These are hard things and no practices to make it apt in one go.

Unobserved Things from the Royal Wedding

There is no wedding which can go off easily without any hitch. So is the royal wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle which also has few hitches. We are here to get familiar with some of the surprising moments which you might have missed while watching the wedding.   1. The wedding date was featured in the license plate After their wedding at Windsor Castle, Prince Harry and Meghan Markle left the luncheon. The newlyweds jumped into a fashionable vintage Jaguar.  This vintage wagon carries the licensed plate that mentioned number "190518". This is the wedding date May 19, 2018. British always write their dates in the format of day, month and year. 2. The Palace rules were broken by the bishop American Episcopalian bishop Michael Curry showed the sermon behavior at the royal wedding which stole everyone’s heart. He was fiery, impassioned, and theologically-charged bishop at the wedding. But there is a most important rule of Kensington Palace that he himself broke. Guests arriving at the wedding are required to submit their mobile phones or any other device which can capture the image. But the Bishop was carrying an iPad. Don’t that iPad have a camera to click pictures?  3. Kate and Prince William seated apart The married couple Kate Middleton and Prince William seated two seats apart. Prince William was sitting next to Prince Harry and after him, it was Prince Charles, then his wife Camilla, then Kate Middleton. 4. It was female designers who designed Meghan’s Outfit The wedding gown of Meghan was designed by Clare Waight Keller. She is an artistic director at Parisian Fashion house but is actually British born. And her reception gown was designed by Stella McCartney. The gown which she wore was very much simple and does not contain any lace or any embellishment.   5. It was a representational veil which Meghan Wore The 16-foot long veil that was worn by Duchess of Sussex was designed by Givenchy’s Clare Waight Keller. It was a silk tulle veil which contains embroidered flowers. It was a request done by Meghan for this floral embroidery and it represents 53 countries of Commonwealth. She wanted to accompany all these countries throughout her wedding. The efforts done to design this veil was also extraordinary. The unique and delicate design was created in three dimensions and every flower was worked flat. Even a statement given by Kensington Palace states that how much dedication the workers have shown in accurately stitching the gown and they also washed their hands in every 30 minutes to keep the look of the tulle untouched. There were two significant embroideries done on the veil: one is of Wintersweet, which is a place in front of Nottingham Cottage in Kensington Palace and other is the poppy which is considered to be a state flower of California, Meghan was born there.   6. The youngest member of the family was absent You will find that every member of the royal family was present at the wedding. From the most senior to a younger member. But the youngest one was missing. Among kids, Prince George and Princess Charlotte were but we nowhere found Prince Louis.   7. Meghan’s Tiara was carrying a brooch The legendary tiara wore by Meghan was also one of the centers of attraction. This tiara was created in the year 193 and Queen Mary wore it for the first time. Later it was worn by Queen Elizabeth and now it was lent to Meghan for the wedding. This beautiful tiara was having a detachable brooch and was made of 10 brilliant diamonds. 8. The special touch was given to Bouquet Prince Harry has himself collected fresh flowers from the private Garden in Kensington Palace. This bouquet also contains Forget-Me-Nots which Princess Diana always favored.   9. Some mistakes were there in the wedding program The princess always walks in the church with her father, as per the tradition. But this program forgot the Meghan’s Father is not there with her to walk the bride down the aisle. And in the flow, it read that she will be joined by her father, Mr. Thomas Markle, to the High Altar. But the royal editor has to tweet the conversation later.   10. The bishop pronounced the first real names of Bride and Groom The Bishop called Meghan as “Rachel” and Harry as “Henry” at the beginning of the ceremony. But afterward, he switched to their real names with which they are known to the world.

Melania Trump's First Year as First Lady

  First Lady of the United States Melania Trump is the wife of President Donald J. Trump and the mother of Barron Trump.Melania Trump was born on April 26, 1970 in Slovenia. At age 16, she began her modeling career and became a successful model appearing in many high profile ad campaigns and working with some of the best photographers in the fashion industry. In 1996, Mrs. Trump moved to New York and ten years later, she proudly became a United States Citizen. While Melania Trump became a household name in modeling and a contributing member of her community, she is first and foremost a mother and wife, and in 2017, Melania Trump made the White House and Washington home for her family. Melania Trump, like the First Ladies before her, is going to make her mark on history. Below are the Issues Melania Trump focused her time as first lady   Sick Children In her role as First Lady, Mrs. Trump focuses her time on the many issues affecting children. An unwavering characteristic of the First Lady is her aptitude for showing love and compassion in all that she does. Mrs. Trump spends much of her time meeting with children at hospitals and care centers. Recently, she took valentines to the Children’s Inn at the National Institutes of Health and Cincinnati Children’s Hospital. Over the Easter holiday, she made a surprise visit to St. Mary’s Medical Center in Palm Beach, Florida, bringing Easter baskets to the children.   Victims of Hurricane Following the devastating hurricanes last year, Mrs. Trump visited Texas to meet with families that suffered greatly under Hurricane Harvey. In the wake of two horrendous mass shootings, Mrs. Trump traveled with her husband to Las Vegas and Parkland to be with the victims and families in their times of need.   School and Education As First Lady, Mrs. Trump has made multiple visits to schools—both foreign and domestic. From participating in a Viking huddle class, which focuses on emotional learning at Orchard Lake Middle School in Michigan, to taking the Queen of Jordan to Washington, D.C.’s first public charter school for girls at Excel Academy in Southeast, Mrs. Trump is always bringing children to the forefront of her agenda. While traveling abroad, Mrs. Trump visited the American International School in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, with Education Minister Ahmed Al Eissa, and took a calligraphy lesson with local children at Kyobashi Tsukiji Elementary School with Mrs. Abe while visiting Japan. Earlier this spring, Mrs. Trump invited a group of local students to the White House so she could talk with them, hear their stories, and understand the issues they are challenged with today. Mrs. Trump puts the emphasis on children and how we can protect them, teach them, and empower them.   Opioid Abuse Awareness In the midst of the opioid epidemic, Mrs. Trump has utilized her platform as First Lady to raise awareness about the dangers of opioid abuse—notably the devastating effects it has on infants and unborn babies. Mrs. Trump traveled to Huntington, West Virginia, where she visited Lily’s Place, the Nation’s first nonprofit infant recovery center that prioritizes the whole family to ensure infants born dependent on drugs are given the best opportunity to thrive. Trump has participated in multiple opioid summits and continues to work with the Administration on raising the awareness of opioid abuse and how we can better protect children from it.   Be Best Campaign On May 7, Mrs. Trump launched BE BEST—an awareness campaign focused entirely around the well-being of children. The campaign has three pillars, which represent key areas of concern for Mrs. Trump: well-being, which includes the social and emotional health of children; social media, and understanding both the positive and negative effects it has on our children; and opioid abuse, and how to protect our most vulnerable from the effects of drug abuse while educating parents about the detrimental effects of opioids.